Zorin Lite post install guide (Lubuntu - LXDE)

Zorin Lite post install guide (Lubuntu - LXDE)

Postby Wolfman » Tue Jun 18, 2013 8:33 am

YOUR ATTENTION PLEASE: BOTH ZORIN LITE VERSIONS 6 AND 7 ARE NOW OUT OF DATE.

Edit: Zorin Lite 8 is now available and is supported until June 2014:

Get it here: http://sourceforge.net/projects/zorin-o ... o/download

IT IS IMPORTANT YOU FOLLOW THE UPDATE PORTION OF THIS GUIDE BEFORE YOU BEGIN TO MAKE ANY CHANGES TO YOUR SYSTEM, MAKE SURE IT IS FULLY UP-TO-DATE BEFORE YOU START!!!. CLICK ON THE LINK DIRECTLY BELOW THIS ADVISORY.

(See this link: viewtopic.php?f=6&t=2247 )

Hi all,

this How-To (guide) is for people who have successfully installed Zorin Lite and wish to do some post install configuration, these are my preferences, you must decide whether you wish to use the same settings/method as mine!. (Please do not confuse Zorin Lite with Zorin 6 or 8 Final!!!.
Zorin Lite users please go here for tips about the Lubuntu desktop:

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Lubuntu/Documentation

and:

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Lubuntu/Setup


Start Synaptic and go to “Settings > File > Delete files after download so you don't have any rubbish (trash to the Yanks) in your cache after the installation of software.
Now go to “Settings > Repositories > Zorin Software and mark all available boxes and make sure that the download location is set to “Main”, move to the next window “Other software, and do the same tick thing, now go to "Updates" and do the same again. Close the Software Sources window and click on “Reload” > “Mark All Upgrades” > “Apply” and let it do its thing, restart your PC after the updates have finished. (Updates may remain blank but are already listed in "Other Software")

If you cannot find packages in the repositories, please download the .deb packages you want from here:

http://pkgs.org/

Make sure you download the correct package for your system, from the available packages listed under the Ubuntu OS, 32 Bit only on Zorin Lite, or you can download the all.deb packages which work on both 32 and 64 Bit systems!. (Ubuntu/Lubuntu 13.10 = Zorin 8/Zorin 8 Lite) ZORIN LITE IS 32 BIT ONLY!!!.


Security and Firewall:

The default setting for the firewall is "OFF" (yes! I know), to switch it on, open System Settings > System > Firewall and simply throw the switch (password required!) to the "On" position, when you reboot, it will (should ) be active:

Firewall_022.jpg
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See also:

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Gufw

If GUFW is not installed, in a terminal (Ctrl + Alt + t) with this command:

Code: Select all
sudo apt-get install gufw


AntiVirus software:

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Antivirus

Easy terminal (Ctrl + alt + t) install for ClamAV:

Code: Select all
sudo apt-get install clamtk


which will also install a GUI despite this old info:

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/ClamAV

List of security topics:

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/CategorySecurity



Keyboard & language settings:

To set your keyboard language correctly, click on the country button (by default "US" for some reason?) to the left of the clock with a right mouse click and go to > "Keyboard Handler Layout Settings":

Menu_001.jpg
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Once done; a menu will appear and you need to make a couple of changes, firstly, take out the tick of the box "Keep system layouts". (very important) and put a tick in "Do not reset exisiting options".

Keyboard Layout Handler_002.jpg


To add a layout; simply click on the button "ADD" and another window will open with layouts from all over the world, make your selction and click on OK once done:

Add Keyboard Layout_005.jpg


To remove unwanted keyboard layout, simply mark the one(s) you don't want and then click on "Remove".:

Keyboard Layout Handler_006.jpg


To use the country flag for your layout, simply click on "Show layout as" and then select "Image" and use the numbered buttons at the bottom for the size you want:

Keyboard Layout Handler_007.jpg


To install other languages,: Zorin Menu > Preferences > Language Support and enter your password when asked!. Please also see the main language "How-To" here:

viewtopic.php?f=6&t=1699


Gdebi:

Gdebi lets you install local deb packages resolving and installing its dependencies. apt does the same, but only for remote (http, ftp) located packages. To install a ".deb" package using gdebi, simply right click the downloaded package and "Open with" > Gdebi and let it do its thing, it will require your password unless you have made yourself "root".

To install Gdebi via the terminal, paste the following command:

Code: Select all
sudo apt-get install gdebi


Package Installer - picasa_007.jpg
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Graphic card drivers:

Now install your graphic card drivers, in Zorin OS 8 Lite, the additional drivers tool is now intergrated in Synaptic, open Synaptic > Settings > Repositories > Additional Drivers and select the recommended proprietary driver, older ATI card drivers may not be available and I advise you to use the onboard drivers if you have an older ATI graphics card!. (THE ADDITIONAL DRIVERS TOOL MAY NOT WORK SO BE WARNED!)

For those who wish to use WiFi (Wlan), you may find that there are drivers listed in the tool if your WiFi adaptor was not automatically configured during install!.

Attention Nvidia card owners, there might be a problem with pages going blank on you, please see this link although this shouldn't happen in the Lite version:

viewtopic.php?f=5&t=2490

Additional Drivers Tool Zorin Lite 8 (Intergrated in Synaptic software manager):
Software & Updates_001.jpg


In Zorin 8 Lite (Lubuntu 13.10); use the lowest number driver in the list for Nvidia (I cannot comment on ATI drivers sorry!) or paste the following commands in a terminal; one after the other:

Code: Select all
sudo apt-get update


Code: Select all
sudo apt-get install nvidia-current nvidia-settings


Restart your PC afterwards!!!!!.

It is important to restart your PC in "Recovery Mode" and select "Network" (Cable Only!!) and then run "DPKG" and after you have done the updates (Mesa, Xorg etc!), restart your PC with Ctrl + Alt + Del, don't click on "Resume" !!.

If the above doesn't work for whatever reason, as soon as you reboot your PC, start Synaptic > Reload > Mark All Upgrades > Apply and then restart your PC again!. (Yes! I know!!)

The above is a just in case scenario and may not even be necessary but I advise you to do it nonetheless!!.


Sound:

I suggest you install the following packages for good sound/playback management:

Code: Select all
sudo apt-get install sox libsox-fmt-all faac flac paman


You will find "paman" (Pulse Audio Manager) under the "Sound & Video" menu. Make a link on your taskbar/panel (see below about adding/removing icons) or desktop!!. (This is really needed as the sound manager is very very basic in Lubuntu!)

Sound Troubleshooting Procedure

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Sound ... gProcedure


Adding other user accounts:

you should also install the package "gnome-system-tools" which will add an icon in the main menu under "Users and Groups", armed with this tool you can setup accounts and how the guest accounts react with the OS, you can select how much access the guest has with regards to network or printing and other areas of the PC!!.

http://askubuntu.com/questions/66718/ho ... and-groups


Make yourself "root" for use in the File manager (PCManFM):

To make yourself "root" in Lubuntu if you need to do something as root in the file manager, press "Ctrl + Alt + t" which will open a terminal and type:

Code: Select all
gksu pcmanfm


The above command will give you "root" (God Mode) powers in the file manager, as long as you leave the window open, you can do things like change permissions and copy system files, once you close the file manager, your root powers are automatically recinded!!.

In a normal Ubuntu desktop that uses the Nautilus file manager, the command would be "gksudo nautilus" and as you can see; the above command varies greatly from that!.


Tweak Tools:

There are only 2 real tweak tools for Lubuntu, one is "Openbox Configuration Manager" and the other is "Customize Look and Feel" , both of which can be found listed in the main menu under: Start > Preferences.

Openbox Configuration Manager_002.jpeg


Customize Look and Feel_003.jpeg


To globally change the Lubuntu (LXDE) desktop icons, open > File Manager (your home folder!) > Edit > Preferences > Display and select the icon sizes you want:

Preferences_004.jpeg


Adding icons to the desktop:

Simply open the main menu (Zorin Button bottom left) and hover over the app icon you need and right click it and then on "Add to desktop", done!


Adding or Removing icons to/from the LXDE panel:

To add or remove icons to the LXDE panel, do as follows:

Right click the panel > "Add/Remove Panel Items" > "Applications Launch Bar" > "Edit" > Select desired icon(s) from "Available Applications" > "Add" > "Close" when finished!.

Panel Preferences_005.jpeg


Application Launch Bar_006.jpeg


Application Launch Bar_007.jpeg


Application Launch Bar_008.jpeg



Panel Settings:

If your panel looks a bit odd, I suggest you use the "System theme" to make it look better:

Right click the panel > Panel Settings > Appearance > Background > System theme.

Panel Preferences_012.jpeg



Adjusting Clock Settings:

Please go here:

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Lubun ... ngTheClock


Downloading and adding extra themes:

This is not as daunting a task as you might think, you only need to select a GTK2 theme from here:

http://gnome-look.org/index.php?xconten ... 5d2d6b8062

There are several themes to choose from, select your desired theme and opt for the save option and save it to downloads.

Open your downloads folder and right click the package and select "Extract Here" and the package will create a folder with the theme name, so download "Greybird-Mint" as an example and extract it to your home folder, you will now see a blue folder bside the original Tar package.

Press F4 and a terminal will open:


Type the following in the terminal to create your ./themes folder: mkdir ~/.themes This command has now created a folder for all your future themes.

Now you need to move/copy that new folder containing the theme to the new themes folder. With the terminal still open, type: cp -r Greybird-Mint ~/.themes/
You will now have a theme in the folder which you can use by opening "Customise Look and Feel" and select the desired theme.

Summary:

1. Download desired theme to downloads folder and right click "Extract Here".
2. Press F4 to open a terminal
3. Type: mkdir ~/.themes (You only need to do this once, if you download more themes, just do the following command)
4. Type: cp -r Greybird-Mint ~/.themes/ (Greybird-Mint is an example, the file name is very important so make sure you type it exactly the way it is written!)
5: Open "Customise Look and Feel" and select desired theme.

A more detailed explantion is available from The Peppermint Linux website as well as several other tips:

http://peppermintos.com/guide/customize/
(Thanks guys!)

See also:

http://box-look.org/index.php?xcontentmode=7402


Accessing sub folders in "File Manager" (your home folder):

When you open your home folder, on the left is the normal view but it doesn't show the route to the sub folders should you want to access them.

Click on the dropdown menu arrow to the right of the word "Places" which is near the top in the left hand window, then select "Directory Tree" and your sub folders will now show up on the left hand window:
wolfman_010.jpeg


wolfman_011.jpeg



Create links to folders/files. Please click on the link below:

See also:

http://wiki.lxde.org/en/PCManFM

http://wiki.lxde.org/en/PCManFM#Desktop_Icons.2Flinks


Take out "Zeitgeist":

Zeitgeist is a form of spyware that logs user activity, if you want to stop/start it, open "Desktop Session Settings" (Start Menu > Preferences > Desktop Session Settings) and take out the tick in the box, the next time you start, Zeitgeist should not be active!!. You can of course, use this tool to stop/start other functions!!. (Be careful what you do though!!) YOU SHOULDN'T HAVE ZEITGEIST INSTALLED UNLESS YOU INSTALLED THE MAIN "GNOME" PACKAGE!.
Desktop Session Settings_022.jpeg



Adding an HP Printer:

firstly, update your system fully per this guide if you haven't already done so and this applies to all printers linked here!:

viewtopic.php?f=5&t=2247

Secondly, install the package (after finishing updates!) "hplip-gui" and make sure your printer is connected and powered up.

Open the app "HPLIP-Toolbox" which you will find under Main Menu > Preferences and start the app, it will guide you though the set-up process, there are a couple of similar icons so watch out for that!!.
hp1.jpg


hp2.jpg


hp3.jpg


hp4.jpg


hp5.jpg



Other Printers:

For Canon Printers, please see this:

http://ubuntuportal.com/2011/12/how-to- ... buntu.html

Install the PPA using the terminal commands provided then update your software sources list and choose your drivers from the list.

(I only have an HP printer so I cannot be sure if the above will indeed work but assume it does!!)

For Samsung printers:

Deb package PPA here but I don't know whether it is still actual:

http://www.bchemnet.com/suldr/

Or:

http://askubuntu.com/questions/170880/h ... ng-printer

For Lexmark printers:

http://support.lexmark.com/index?page=c ... &locale=en

See also:

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Hardw ... rkPrinters

For Epson printers:

http://download.ebz.epson.net/dsc/search/01/search/

(You need the .deb packages for 32 bit only when using Zorin Lite/Lubuntu!)

Tips & Tricks for LXDE:

http://wiki.lxde.org/en/Main_Page

http://lxlinux.com/

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Lubuntu/Documentation

This is a work in progress and is not finished. Be back later!! Watch this space!!.

Regards Wolfman :D

Attention: Zorin 8 Lite is based on Lubuntu 13.10 and is supported UNTIL JUNE 2014.


My Zorin 8 Lite desktop:
desktop 1_010.jpg
Regards Wolfman :D

Kindness is something that the blind can see and the deaf can hear :)

Preparation and planning prevent poor performance! :)

Free Ubuntu User Manual: https://ubuntu-manual.org/
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